Author: Paul Beardsley, PhD, Cal Poly Pomona, HHMI
Additional Contributors: Ellie Rice, PhD, Franklin and Marshall University, Mary Colvard, consultant
Project Manager: Melissa Csikari, HHMI
Reviewers: Melissa Csikari, HHMI, Laura Bonetta, PhD, HHMI
Media Supervisor: Chris Vargas, HHMI
Course Technical Support: Li Yao, HHMI
Evaluation: Marjee Chmiel, HHMI
Graphics Support: Heather McDonald, Frank Verock, HHMI
Virtual Lab Developers: A3MG
Copyeditor: Linda Felaco
Moodle course design: Education Development Center; Nevin Katz, Valerie Weagle, Kirsten Peterson, Anne Curione, Jesse Campbell, Moya Hynes,Teo Vitkauska, Clare Crawford
Executive Producer: Jennifer Bricken, HHMI
· Scott Heinzel, John Burroughs School, MO
Douglas Hodum, Mt. Blue High School, ME
· Helen Huang-Hobbs, The Pingry School, NJ
· Tashia Lewis, The Haverford School, PA
· Susan Pienta, Hamilton-Fulton-Montgomery BOCES Pathways in Technology Early College High School, NY
· Aaron Warkentin, Reedley High School, CA
Welcome Screen, Getty Images
Lesson 1: Initial Explanations. Overview, Getty Images. Lesson 2: Variation. Overview, Getty Images; Common Patterns of Trait Variation, Getty Images; Summarizing Variation, Getty Images. Lesson 3: Inheritance - Information Through Time. Overview, Getty Images; We Are All Mutants, Getty Images. Lesson 4: Differential Survival/Reproduction. Overview, Getty Images. Lesson 5: The Consequence of Evolution by Natural Selection: Adaptation. Adding to an Explanation for Evolution by Natural Selection, Figures 2, 3, 4. Adapted from Hoekstra, H. E., Drumm, K. E., & Nachman, M. W. (2004). Ecological genetics of adaptive color polymorphism in pocket mice: geographic variation in selected and neutral genes. Evolution, 58(6), 1329-1341. Lesson 6: Other Ways Populations Evolve. Overview, Getty Images.
Lesson 1: Evidence that Species Change Over Time. Overview, Getty Images; What Can a Canyon Teach Us?, Getty Images; Digging Fossils, Maize fossils, Piperno, D. R., & Flannery, K. V. (2001). The earliest archaeological maize (Zea mays L.) from highland Mexico: new accelerator mass spectrometry dates and their implications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 98(4), 2101-2103. Copyright National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. Permission granted; Cast fossils, Getty Images; Species Changes in Real Time, Graph on screen and in notebook adapted from Kolbe, J. J., Leal, M., Schoener, T. W., Spiller, D. A., & Losos, J. B. (2012). Founder effects persist despite adaptive differentiation: a field experiment with lizards. Science, 335(6072), 1086-1089. Lesson 2: Evidence of Common Ancestry. Overview, Getty Images; Genetic Homologies, Figures 1, 4, and 5 adapted from Lamason, R. L., Mohideen, M. A. P., Mest, J. R., Wong, A. C., Norton, H. L., Aros, M. C., ... & Sinha, S. (2005). SLC24A5, a putative cation exchanger, affects pigmentation in zebrafish and humans. Science, 310(5755), 1782-1786. Unit 2 Test, Graph from Blount, Z. D., Borland, C. Z., & Lenski, R. E. (2008). Historical contingency and the evolution of a key innovation in an experimental population of Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(23), 7899-7906. Fig. 1, Grand Canyon, Getty Images.
Lesson 1: Species and Depicting Patterns of Relationships. What Is a Species? Polybranchia phylogeny provided by Sabrina Medrano, permission granted, Polybranchia photo from Ángel A. Valdés, permission granted.